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قديم 25-05-2010, 03:05 PM   #2
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Acoustic phonetics: how sounds are transmitted in the air
2. Allophones: are the varieties of a phoneme.
3. Alveolar ridge: immediately behind the upper front teeth.
4. Anthropological: study of the relations between language and culture.
5. Applied linguistics: study of the applications of linguistics knowledge. Ex:foreign language teaching.
6. Approximate: a certain part of tongue is raised towards the roof of the mouth .
7. Articulatory phonetics: sounds are produced in various part of the mouth and threat.
8. Aspiration: produced by a puff of air.
9. Assimilation: all sounds,vowels,diphthongs and constants are influenced by surrounding sounds)
10. Auditory phonetics: how sounds are received by the hearer.
11. Closed syllable:when syllable Consists of a vowel or diphthong followed Consonant.
12. comparative linguistics: comparative philology:a branch of historical linguistics.
13. Consonant clusters:2,3or more from constant maybe gropped togother to from clusters.
14. Consonants produced by stopping air from flowing freely through and mouth.
15. Corpus linguistics: study of language as expressed in samples.(corpora)
16. De******ive linguistics: study language is spoken by a group of people.( Phonetics, Phonology, Morphology, Syntax, Discourse, Semantic)
17. Diphthong: complex vowel sound which changes quality within a single syllable.
18. Discourse: study of unit beyond the sentence boundary.
19. Fricatives:8 no complete closure of the air passage.
20. Hard plate: the area behind the alveolar ridge
21. historical linguistics(diachronic) s:tudy of language change.
22. Intrusive "r"r) is inserted even when the previous word does not end in [r]
23. IPA :international phonetic alphabet
24. Language: is a human faculty,it's distinguishes human beings from animals.
25. Larynx: a voice box at the windpipe.
26. Laterals :relate to the sides of the tongue and the air flows through the 2 sides.
27. Linguistic component:aims to introduce you to study of human language.
28. Linguistic: is scientific study of language.
29. Linking (r):when a word ends in the word and next word begins vowel a linking /r/ sound is commonly heard between them./
30. Lips: controlling the air flow.
31. Lisp: to pronounce(s) and (z)sounds like: th
32. Minimal pairs: uses a pair of words that differ only in a single sound. Ex: lit , let
33. Minimum syllable: vowel or diphthong can be a whole syllable/
34. Monosyllabic : a word which has a single syllable.
35. Morpheme:combine together to produce a word.
36. Morphology study of internal structures of words
37. Multi-syllabic: a word which has more syllables.
38. Nasal cavity:upper part of Pharynx to the nostrils
39. Open syllable: the vocalic sound has one or more constants on one side only.)
40. Oral cavity:most important organ of speech, contains:tongue,lips.
41. Organs of speech :muscles and organs that take part in producing sounds (vocal tract:windpipe,larynx,vocal cords,pharynx,oral cavity,nasal)
42. Pharynx:: soft part at the top of the throat.
43. Phoneme : are meaningful sound
44. Phoneme tran******ion: the Phonemes are considered
45. Phoneme: are a meaningful sounds.
46. Phonemic analysis:is concerned with phonemes and allophones.
47. Phonetic component :which deals with English sounds.
48. Phonetics: study of production of sound.
49. Phonology: study of sounds as units contributing to meaning.(sounds are combined or merged)
50. Plosive:sound is produced when air stream is completely blocked.
51. Psycholinguistic:study of psychological factors that enable people to learn,use and understand language
52 Semantic: study lexical meaning of words
53. Sociolinguistics: study of language use in society
54. Speech pathology :study of disorders that affect a person's speech.
55. Stutter:repeat the first sound of a word.
56. Syllabic:meaning that each one stands for a syllable
57. Syllable:English words are made up of one or more Syllable.
58. Syntax: study of how words combine to form acceptable and grammatical sentences.
59. Trill:it consists of a series of rapid closures.
60. Uvula :a small soft muscle dangling from the velum.
61. Velum:back part of the roof
62. Vocal cords:a pair of folds inside Adam's apple.
63. Vocal tract :cavities in the head and neck.
64. Vowels produced when air flows out through the mouth without blocked by teeth
65. Windpipe:the tube which carries air out from the lungs.
66. A text : may be spoken or written , prose or verse, dialogue or monologue
67. Acronyms:are words formed from the initials of 2 or more words
68. affixing: Bound morphemes are grammar units that need to attach to a root to become meaningful.
69. antonymy: tow words are considered opposite meanings
70. Blending :is achieved when 2 words are merged together
71. bound morphemes: are grammar units that need to attach to a root to become meaningful.
72. Clipping : removing one or more parts of word
73. communicative competence : The speaker's ability to produce appropriate and meaningful utterances nit only grammatical sentences since the basic function of language is "meaningful communication " amongst speakers of the same speech community .
74. Derivational : Some suffixes change the class of the root word to witch they are added
75. Discourse is language above the sentence or above the clause .
76. Elision :is the omission of one or more sound in a word or phrase .
77. homograph: 2 words have same spelling ,pronounced differently and different meanings.
78. homonymy : tow or more words are considered to have a same meaning
79. Inflectional: The bound morphemes are affixed to a root word are not part of the original word form
80. Intonation : a person speaks, not only does he/ she stress syllables but the pitch oh his / her voice continues to rise and fall .
81. linguistic competence: The unconscious knowledge of the native speaker of the system (rules) of his language
82. ****phor :comparison of one thing to another without use (like,as)
83. Morpheme Morph) : is the minimal meaningful unit
84. Morphology :is the study of word formation . :
85. Polysemy: more than one meaning closely related to each other to a single word
86. Prefix: bound morpheme added at the beginning of a root word.
87. Prosody : is the name of speech elements of stress, rhythm,and intonation .
88. Rhythm : can be defined as a regular pattern of stress beats.
89. Sentence stress:stress is related to Sentence
90. Sentence: is a group of words expressing a complete thought
91. Stress : is the emphasis given to certain syllables in a word or certain words in a sentence .
92. Suffix: bound morpheme added at the end of a root word
93. thesaurus : dictionaries are specialized in giving synonyms
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