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قديم 15-04-2011, 10:21 PM   #1
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افتراضي جميع تعاريف el120 للاخ امرؤ القيس لاتنسوه بالدعاء...


حاولت أن أجمع كل تعاريف المقرر بشكل ميسر



لاتنسوني من دعائكم فانا احوج ما أكون له



1. Acoustic phonetics:الصوتيات الصوتيةhow sounds are transmitted in the air.

2. Allophones: are the varieties of a phoneme.

3. Alveolar ridge: immediately behind the upper front teeth.

4. Anthropologicaltudy of the relations between language and culture.

5. Applied linguisticsلغويات تطبيقيةtudy of the applications of linguistics knowledge. Ex:foreign language teaching.

6. Approximants: a certain part of tongue is raised towards the roof of the mouth .

7. Articulatory phonetics:الصوتيات المفصليةsounds are produced in various part of the mouth and threat.

8. Aspirationroduced by a puff of air. Ex:key,tea

9. Assimilation:الاستيعاب all sounds,vowels,diphthougs and constsnts are influenced by surrounding sounds. Ex:this shop (thishop)

10. Auditory phonetics:الصوتيات السمعية how sounds are received by the hearer.

11. Closed syllable:when syllable Consists of a vowel or diphthong followed Consonant. Ex:bed

12. comparative linguistics:لغويات المقارنة comparative philoligyفقه اللغة المقارن :a branch of historical linguistics.

13. Consonant clustersكتلة ساكنة:2,3or more from constant maybe gropped togother to from clusters. Ex:/t/+/r,w,j/=trim-twin

14. Consonantsrodused by stopping air from flowing freely through and mouth.

15. Corpus linguisticsالمجاميع اللغويةtudy of language as expressed in samples.(corpora)

16. De******ive linguistics:لغويات وصفيةstudy language is spoken by a group of people.( Phonetics, Phonology, Morphology, Syntax, Discourse, Semantic)

17. Diphthong:ادغام: complex vowel sound which changes quality within a single syllable.

18. Discourse:الخطابstudy of unit beyond the sentence boundary.

19. Fricatires:حروف الاحتكاك8 no complete closure of the air passage. Ex:/f/ , /v/

20. Hard plate:the area behind the alveolar ridge

21. historical linguisticsلغويات تاريخية(diachronic)tudy of language change.

22. Intrusive "r"r) is inserted even when the previos word does not end in [r]

23. IPA :international phonetic alphabet

24. Language: is a human faculty,it's distinguishes human beings from animals.

25. Larynxحنجرة: a voice box at the windpipe.

26. Laterals الجانبية:relate to the sides of the tongue and the air flows through the 2 sides.

27. Linguistic component:عنصر لغويaims to introduce you to study of human language.

28. Linguistic: is scientific study of language.

29. Linking (r):when a word ends in the /ª/ and next word begins vowel a linking /r/ sound is commonly heard between them. Ex:later on:/'leI.t ªr'Dn/

30. Lipsشفاه: controlling the air flow.

31. Lisp:لثغة to pronounce(s) and (z)sounds like:th

32. Minimal pairs: uses a pair of words that differ only in a single sound. Ex: lit , let

33. Minimum syllablene vowel or diphthong can be a whole syllable. Ex:eye /ai/

34. Monosyllabic :مقطع أحادي a word which has a single syllable.

35. Morpheme:combine togother to produce a word. Ex: class+room=classroom

36. Morphologytudy of internal structures of words. Ex:un+kind+ness=unkindness

37. Multisyllabic: a word which has more syllables.

38. Nasal cavity:upper part of Pharynx to the nostrils

39. Open syllable: the vocalic sound has one or more constants on one side only. Ex:up (vc)

40. Oral capavity:most important organ of speech, contains:tongue,lips.

41. Organs of speech :muscles and organs that take part in producing sounds (vocal tract:windpipe,larynx,vocal cords,pharynx,oral cavity,nasal)

42. Pharynx:بلعوم: soft part at the top of the throat.

43. Phoneme : are meaningful sound

44. Phoneme tran******ionنظائر الفونيم: the Phonemes are considered

45. Phoneme: are a meaningful sounds.

46. Phonemic analysis:is concerned with phonemes and allophones.

47. Phonetic componentالمكون الصوتي :which deals with English sounds.

48. Phonetics:علم الأصوات study of production of sound.

49. Phonology:علم الأصوات الكلامية study of sounds as units contributing to meaning.(sounds are combined or merged)

50. Plosive:ايقافound is produced when air stream is completely blocked. Ex:/p/ , /b/

51. Psycholinguisticعلم النفس اللغويtudy of psychological factors that enable people to learn,use and understand language

52. Semantic:علم الدلالةstudy lexical meaning of words

53. Sociolinguistics:لغويات اجتماعيةtudy of language use in society.

54. Speech pathology :: علم امراض الكلامstudy of disorders that affect a person's speech. Ex: lisping, stuttering

55. Stutter:تلعثم :repeat the first sound of a word. Ex:Ccccan you

56. Syllabic:meaning that each one stands for a syllable

57. Syllable:English words are made up of one or more Syllable.

58. Syntax:بناء الجملةstudy of how words combine to form acceptable and grammatical sentences. Ex: book+new+a=a new book

59. Trill: زغردة:it consists of a series of rapid closures.

60. Uvula لسان المزمار:a small soft muscle dangling from the velum.

61. Velum:back part of the roof

62. Vocal cords:الحبال الصوتية:a pair of folds inside adam's apple.

63. Vocal tractالمسالك الصوتية :cavities in the head and neck.

64. Vowelsroduced when air flows out through the mouth without blocked by teeth

65. Windpipe:the tupe which carries air out from the lungs.

66. A text : may be spoken or written , prose or verse, dialogue or monologue

67. Acronymsالاختصارات :are words formed from the initials of 2 or more words

68. affixingالصاق: Bound morphemes are grammar units that need to attach to a root to become meaningful.

69. antonymy: عكوس tow words are considered opposite meanings

70. Blending مزج :is achieved when 2 words are merged togother

71. bound morphemes: are grammar units that need to attach to a root to become meaningful.

72. Clipping الازالة : removing one or more parts of word

73. communicative competence نظرية الاتصال الانسب : The speaker's ability to produce appropriate and meaningful utterances nit only grammatical sentences since the basic function of language is "meaningful communication " amongst speakers of the same speech community .

74. Derivational اشتقاق: Some suffixes change the class of the root word to witch they are added

75. Discourse is language above the sentence or above the clause .

76. Elision :is the omission of one or more sound in a word or phrase . الترخيم (الحذف وهوشبيه للإخفاء الحقيقي

77. homography: 2 words have same spelling ,pronounced differently and different meanings.

78. homonymy : جناس tow or more words are considered to have a same meaning

79. Inflectionalالاعراب: The bound morphemes are affixed to a root word are not part of the orginal word form

80. Intonation : a person speaks, not only does he/ she stress syllables but the pitch oh his / her voice continues to rise and fall . نبرة الصوت ( التنغيم )

81. linguistic competenceنظرية تشومسكي الكفاءة اللغوية : The unconscious knowledge of the native speaker of the system (rules) of his language

82. ****phor استعارة :comparision of one thing to another without use (like,as)

83. Morpheme Morph) : is the minimal meaningful unit

84. Morphology :is the study of word formation .الصرف :

85. Polysemy تعدد المعاني: more than one meaning closely related to each other to a single word

86. Prefixe:سابق الكلمة bound morpheme added at the beginning of a root word.

87. Prosody : is the name of speech elements of stress, rhythm,and intonation .

88. Rhythm : can be defined as a regular pattern of stress beats. الايقاع ( الوزن ) :

89. Sentence stresstress is related to Sentence

90. Sentence: is a group of words expressing a complete thought

91. Stress : is the emphasis given to certain syllables in a word or certain words in a sentence .

92. Suffixe: لاحق بالكلمة bound morpheme added at the end of a root word

93. thesaurus مرادفات ictionaries are specialized in giving synonyms

94. Word stress efined as the degree of breath force placed on each syllable in a word.











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