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قديم 01-06-2009, 11:07 PM   #18
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افتراضي رد: بليزززز المساعده


السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته
اتفضلي اختي هاد سؤال من اسئلة الفاينل مع الجواب السؤال عن الجندر
Discuss the theme of equality in George Bernard Shaw’s play Pygmalion. How is this theme dealt with in terms of gender?

Suggested Answer and Marking Emphasis:

The student can argue either that George Bernard Shaw is indeed a feminist or a male chauvinist. Allow for arguments on both sides of the spectrum for [truth] is in the eye of the beholder.

Shaw makes Eliza defy men with her daunting "I am a good girl, I am" echoed repeatedly throughout the play. Here Eliza is defying societal expectations of young women in her position. Shaw's feminism is not only shown in the character of the defiant and feisty flower girl

but also in the character of Higgins' mother, who does not approve of her son's behaviour. Mrs. Higgins rejects the way men view women. She tells Higgins and Pickering that they are babies playing with a "live doll." Mrs. Higgins' outburst "Oh, men! Men!! Men!!!" at the end of Act Three (p.168) also emphasizes Shaw's dissatisfaction with the doll like image of women. Mrs. Higgins' anger is cleverly shown increasing in intensity with the gradual addition of exclamation marks. Mrs. Higgins' anger parallels Eliza's feminist rage, which is clearly shown in the scene where Eliza throws Higgins' slippers in his face. This represents quite a remarkable reversal in Eliza's poor girl servant attitude, but somehow the reader is not really surprised because Eliza possesses a defiant spirit at the outset of the play. Shaw is also true to his feminism when he refuses to end the play with the traditional marriage of the hero and heroine. Allowing for a marriage between Higgins and Eliza would mean that Shaw has succumbed to the conventions of society which he has set out to question. Higgins is a domineering character and would definitely dominate in a marriage with Eliza. In this case, Eliza would have been put back into her "proper" place so to speak. This, of course, would have meant that Shaw was denying any form of equality between men and women, in addition to maintaining that a woman's place was in the home. By allowing Eliza to marry Freddy in the "epilogue," however, Shaw is indeed reversing the situation between men and women and turning things upside down in his usual style. Freddy would be fetching Eliza's slippers, not vice versa. Surprisingly, it is Higgins who sounds the ultimate feminist call in the play when he tells Eliza in Act Five, "I think a woman fetching a man's slippers is a disgusting sight: did I ever fetch your slippers? I think a good deal more of you for throwing them in my face. No use slaving for me and then saying you want to be cared for: who cares for a slave?" (p. 100). While Higgins vocalizes these thoughts in the play, it is hard to imagine him actually putting them into practice in a marriage with Eliza, for example. She would forever be fetching his slippers.

Another interesting point to consider is that Eliza's supposed reformation comes at the hands of men. It does not come from within. Higgins claims in Act Five: "By George, Eliza, I said that I'd make a woman of you; and I have" (p. 104). Both Higgins' and Pickerings' attitudes presuppose woman under the male gaze. Is there a counter argument provided in the play? Can anybody dispute Higgins' claim? Arguing that it is not Higgins who changes Eliza, but Pickering, who treats her like a lady and teaches her self respect, does not put an end to the debate. Pickering is as much of a man as Higgins; the creator is still male, whether the artist shaping the doll/sculpture is the gentle Pickering or the harsh Higgins. Shaw's chauvinism is clear—only man can reform woman. We are back to where we started; without man, there is no woman. So, is Shaw really calling for the equality of women in Pygmalion?
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التعديل الأخير تم بواسطة gloria111 ; 01-06-2009 الساعة 11:08 PM
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