العودة   منتديات طلاب الجامعة العربية المفتوحة > منتدى كليات الجامعة العربية المفتوحة > منتدى قسم الإنجليزي > E301A

إضافة رد
 
أدوات الموضوع انواع عرض الموضوع

قديم 13-05-2014, 01:45 AM   #1
LEARNING LEARNING غير متصل
طالب جديد
 
الصورة الرمزية LEARNING
هام الله يوفق اللي يساعدني


السلام عليكم ، الله يسعدكم يا ليت احد يساعدني في اجابة هذي الأسئلة أو على الأقل تعطوني رقم الصفحات اللي فيها الأجوبة والله يجزاكم خير

تعاريف:

Parallelism as a stylistic device

Deviation and foregrounding

...............................

How does poetic language differ from ordinary language? Discuss with special reference to the features which distinguish poetic language



Write a brief interpretation of Cummings’ poem ‘Love is thicker than forget. Discuss the concept of deviation in the light of this poem



Discuss how Martin Montgomery used different techniques in the analysis of plot and characterization.
LEARNING غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
قديم 13-05-2014, 03:31 AM   #2
Eiroka Eiroka غير متصل
مشرفة سابقة
 
الصورة الرمزية Eiroka
افتراضي رد: الله يوفق اللي يساعدني


و عليكمـ السلامـ ، هلا أختي




Deviation:

Is un expected irregularity. Deviation is present when words, phrases and grammatical structures draw particular attention to themselves by “deviating” from what is expected. Deviation can occur at the level of phonology, graphology (the writing system including punctuation, layout, size, and typeface), grammar or lexis and meaning, and often at a number of these levels simultaneously.

^ Page 8


Parallelism:

Is un expected regularity, involving prominent patterns of repetition at the level of sound, grammatical structure or meaning.

• Phonological parallelism is the combining of the same or similar sounds. Alliteration results from the repetition of word-initial consonants; the repetition of similar vowel sounds produces assonance.
Rhyme is present when similar syllables are repeated, and the repetition of rhythmic patterns produces metre.
• Grammatical parallelism is the repetition of phrase and/or clause structure.
• Semantic parallelism involves the repetition and sometimes extension of the meaning of words, phrases and images. For example, “the voice of the LORD is over the water; /the god of glory thunders/ the LORD thunders over the mighty waters”. Combines semantic and grammatical parallelism.

^ Page 9


و الـ foregrounding تعريفه بصفحة 8 بأول برقراف من بداية السطر السادس لنهاية السطر الحادي عشر ..





Eiroka غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
قديم 13-05-2014, 03:37 AM   #3
Eiroka Eiroka غير متصل
مشرفة سابقة
 
الصورة الرمزية Eiroka
افتراضي رد: الله يوفق اللي يساعدني






How does poetic language differ from ordinary language? Please discuss with special reference to the features which distinguish poetic language. THE QUESTION IS ASKING YOU TO SUMMERISE CHAPTER 2!!!


Poetic language: Concern with form and language is a vital component of what we deem poetic language.
Ferdinand de Saussure, paradigm and syntagm p51
1. When we look at parallelism we turn to Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure and his theory on syntagm and paradigm.
2. Syntagm : a rule governed combination of signs ( I like Ike) subject verb object is the pattern here
3. Paradigm: a group of words that have something in common, words that can be selected in the same slot in a syntagm
4. For Saussure a sign gets extra meaning because of what is NOT selected, here we said like and not prefer, why? This is an example of the STRUCTURALISM approach that focuses on the patterns in literary texts.
5. So phonetically I, like and Ike, in our example, come from a phonetic paradigm this is where parallelism comes from the repetition of sound. If we change our choice and say I support General Eisenhower, none of them share any paradigm and therefore no poetic function is active. In I like Ike the attention that it draws is due in part to its monosullable (can you hear yourself chant it out?) and also in using Ike we mean that he is not remote that he is just like you and I.
For Jakobson a poem is just that when the poetic function dominates. When this does happen, the text is split off from the normal relationship between language and meaning. Because of this ambiguity of context, possibilities of meaning are opened up, in a text that is poetically dominant readers are likely to seek significance in differences in rhythm, length etc. In a radio jingle (advert) the poetic function isn’t dominant and so we don’t look for meaning.
Deviation and foregrounding, Mukarovsky Describes poetic language, as a deviation from the standard, for example the presence of an unusual expression. He goes on further to sat that the poetic language foregrounds to the point where communication is pushed into the background. Examples of breaking rules:
1. Incorrect grammar (love is more thinker)
2. Unusual expressions (love is less always)
3. Morphologically deviant (moonly)
All of this can be interpreting that the poet is telling us that love breaks all rules by breaking them himself in his poem.
Levels of literariness, Carters 6 features: medium, independence, genre mixing, polysemy, displaced interaction, text patterning, high semantic density
• Literariness should be thought of as in degree’s, in Eagleton’s opinion if we use only the Formalist do is to think that all literature is poetry. Carters argument is based on the cline of literariness his focus is inherency based through text patterning (akin to parallelism) and also displaced interaction (Jakobson’s split) and how this creates ambiguity in meaning. Carter goes on to mention how literariness is not just in its formal features, but also in its unstated content or how it reinforces content. (Remember, Carters cline of literariness, does not mean the value of the literature.)
Literary value: Bradford suggests there should be a balance in literary form versus non-literary form and content. For him the resistance of closure and the constant interruptions give the poem meaning and makes the reader pause and think, what is this solitary act? Even though Cartland my seem to be as good as Jane Austen there is no defamiliarization.
Attridge argues that literary experience is not about defamiliarization and shattering our perceptions, but opening our perceptions of reality to truths, values and feelings.




^ الإجابة من ملخص أشواق جزاها الله كل خير ^_^
Eiroka غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
قديم 13-05-2014, 03:56 AM   #4
Eiroka Eiroka غير متصل
مشرفة سابقة
 
الصورة الرمزية Eiroka
افتراضي رد: الله يوفق اللي يساعدني



اقتباس:
write a brief interpretation of cummings’ poem ‘love is thicker than forget. Discuss the concept of deviation in the light of this poem

هذا السؤال جوابه بشابتر 2 أكتفيتي 5 صفحة 61 + 62



اقتباس:
discuss how martin montgomery used different techniques in the analysis of plot and characterization.
اما دا السؤال إجابته بشابتر 3 صفحة 108



بالتوفيق ^_^



التعديل الأخير تم بواسطة Eiroka ; 13-05-2014 الساعة 12:55 PM
Eiroka غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
قديم 13-05-2014, 10:02 PM   #5
LEARNING LEARNING غير متصل
طالب جديد
 
الصورة الرمزية LEARNING
افتراضي رد: الله يوفق اللي يساعدني


شكرا جزيلا عزيزتي الله يوفقك ويسعدك
LEARNING غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
إضافة رد

مواقع النشر (المفضلة)

أدوات الموضوع
انواع عرض الموضوع

تعليمات المشاركة
لا تستطيع إضافة مواضيع جديدة
لا تستطيع الرد على المواضيع
لا تستطيع إرفاق ملفات
لا تستطيع تعديل مشاركاتك

BB code is متاحة
كود [IMG] متاحة
كود HTML معطلة

الانتقال السريع


الساعة الآن 01:58 PM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.1, Copyright ©2000 - 2020, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd. TranZ By Almuhajir
جميع المواضيع والمشاركات تعبر عن وجهة نظر أصحابها
ولا تعبر باي شكل من الاشكال عن وجهة نظر منتديات AOUA
تصميم وتطوير : التكنولوجيا الماسية