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قديم 24-05-2013, 03:17 AM   #1
So wHaT! So wHaT! غير متصل
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شرح John Stuart Mill


a very great summary by Pinky princess , hopefully you'll like it guys


Mill was already established as an important figure in British life , he had edited the radical Westminster Review and principles of political economy
Mill on the future of the laboring classes
Mill two theories of the social position of manual workers :
1_Paternal Theory: there is a natural dependence of working people on those who employ them, similar to that of children on their parents. According to this theory , there are appropriate duties on each side. Workers should be obedient and grateful; employers should protect their employers’ interests.
2_Self-Dependence Theory: Which allows workers can be the judges of their own interests and can relate to their employers on the basis of equality.
Mill favored the second theory "Self-Dependence" because partly on the grounds that he regards the distinctions of class as having no necessary or permanent status . but the paternal theory was increasingly getting out of touch with reality.

Mill sees the extension of the franchise as an expected consequences of the greater self-dependence of the working-classes , he sees this right mustn't be given too early it should first followed the improvement of education
Mill and the Organic/ Mechanism theory
Mill believes in the concept of the mechanism theory
It says the society is like a machine it consists of collection of individuals
The machine is nothing without its parts , the happiness of the society is nothing more than the happiness of the individuals that make it up
It also means ;Government is made by men, it is assumed that man has the choice either to make them or not, and how or on what pattern they shall be made.

But the organic theory means ; government is a sort of spontaneous product, and the science of government is a branch of natural history. Forms of government are not a matter of choice. We must take them as we find them. Governments “are not made, but grow”. Our business with them is to acquaint ourselves with their natural properties, and adapt ourselves to them

Mill is Liberal believes in the mechanism theory ; he argues that the organic way is still appropriate in India but no longer appropriate to the working class people in Britain and the mechanism way is the best form of the government



Mill and women

He argued that despite their sexual difference, men and women are nevertheless equal as individual human beings, and it must follow from this that women deserve to enjoy all rights granted to men
the argument about the middle –class woman who have time to vote not the working women who worked to help their families and don't have time

Mill and true democracy
He asked to extend the suffrage to all adults , he had no reservations . The vote should be extended to women on exactly the same basis as men. The universal suffrage.
His ideal of the true democracy would not be realized simply by allowing the vote to all adults
He was worry the majority might consist of a single class and they under the universal suffrage will impose their will on minorities so he decided that ;

Only the educated people have the rights to vote and the true democracy achieved by the plural voting or graduated suffrage

The contradictory is that he was against the paternalism but now he gives it to the middle class people and takes the power from the aristocracy !




Mill and Taxation:
People according to Mill who do not pay taxations should be excluded from the right to vote as they are dependent on the support of others. Someone who cannot support himself, according to Mill, “abdicates his claim to equal rights”, including his right to vote.

inconsistent ion

Mill was definitely inconsistent in his appeal to “the theory of British institutions”. he was anxious to claim that the vote should be extended to women, including women who were wholly dependent on their husbands or fathers, on the perfectly correct grounds that women’s interests are not necessarily the same as their fathers or husbands. But that is not allowed by “the theory of British institutions” which on the contrary -- if the story about the right to vote depending on the liability to pay tax is conceded – offered a rational defense for excluding at least a large number of women from the vote. His thought seems to have been that public spending will be careless unless there are mechanisms to ensure that everyone who has a vote has something to lose if expenditure goes up.


Mill's attitudes over Reform
Although liberalism assigned to the state a limited and non-interventionist role in economic life, it was insistent that political decisions should be taken by independent and rational individuals. Only such men would be likely to put aside immediate self-interest for the wider social interest of sound and uncorrupt government.
Many feared however that mass democracy would produce a policy in which class interest or corruption would overshadow rational individualism .
Mill sought to replace the earlier conception of property as the qualification for full citizenship with intellect .

He had no desire to see the political power in the hands of the majority working class men
He wished for a rational and educated electorate motivated by reason rather than self-interest
Mill preferred the plural suffrage
And he argued that those who will not be allowed to vote are ;
illiterate or innumerate , who don't pay direct taxes , poor people (paupers) and the bankrupts

Mill and conservative party
Mill de******ion of the conservative attitude
Systems of government cannot be constructed by premeditated design. They are not made but grow. Political institutions are an organic growth rather than a matter of deliberate choice. Choice and will in this matter should be restricted to the ****** for contrivances which conform to national feelings and character. Conservative would not with such a view point be opposed to reform of the parliamentary or electoral system . Their guidelines for reform would be whether or not the present system perfectly or imperfectly expressed the natural order of society and conservatives were wary of radical change in the electoral system. He says they think that you couldn't superimpose upon a society a system that was contradictory to its natural order and inclinations. Such a system would simply be subverted.
Mill argument about Working class people
The respectable and responsible working classes had shown themselves worthy of the privilege of the vote and that to give it to them would increase the efficiency of the government






So wHaT! غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
قديم 24-05-2013, 01:25 PM   #2
Dublin Dublin غير متصل
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افتراضي رد: John Stuart Mill


you should be thanked for your dedication
I really appreciate your kindness
thank you very much my lady
Dublin غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
قديم 25-05-2013, 12:16 AM   #3
So wHaT! So wHaT! غير متصل
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الصورة الرمزية So wHaT!
افتراضي رد: John Stuart Mill


oh many thanks for you , i actually did nothing , here we're for helping each other we are not just colleagues actually we are family
Thank you again gentelman , wish you all the best of luck yrab !
So wHaT! غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
قديم 01-06-2013, 12:43 AM   #4
Ragho0ody Ragho0ody غير متصل
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الصورة الرمزية Ragho0ody

 










افتراضي رد: John Stuart Mill


Thx alot
Ragho0ody غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
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