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قديم 06-06-2009, 10:48 PM   #15
G6Wa A7bnii G6Wa A7bnii غير متصل
طــالب
افتراضي رد: تعالوا ندرس للفاينل ..





^
^

اجابته نفس ماقالت لنا مس جيووتي ,,

1-Events have histories
2-Events have geographies

وتشرحين كل نقطه منهم ^^




G6Wa A7bnii غير متصل  
قديم 06-06-2009, 10:58 PM   #16
Rasha2 Rasha2 غير متصل
طالب جديد
 
الصورة الرمزية Rasha2

 











افتراضي رد: المهم للفاينل.....


يعطيكم الف عافيه .. فعلا الماده كبيره واحسهلا متشعبه
المهم نركز على النقاط الاساسيه في كل فصل !! وهيك ان شاء الله حنعدي

موفقييييييين يارب
Rasha2 غير متصل  
قديم 06-06-2009, 11:43 PM   #17
misha_is_crazy misha_is_crazy غير متصل
طالب جديد

 











افتراضي رد: المهم للفاينل.....


يعني احنا ندرس اسئله عبدالله العجمي ولا ندرس اسئله جوتي وبعدين مافيش وقت
misha_is_crazy غير متصل  
قديم 07-06-2009, 01:08 AM   #18
G6Wa A7bnii G6Wa A7bnii غير متصل
طــالب
افتراضي رد: المهم للفاينل.....




Q8 ocean

الله يسلمج قلبي ,, مادري والله ماكنت حاضره من اولها وماسألتهاا


misha_is_crazy

درسي اللي انتي فاهمته والباقي اخذي فكره عنه
وبالامتحان ألفي من عندج ..

وبالتوفيق للكل ^^



G6Wa A7bnii غير متصل  
قديم 07-06-2009, 01:10 AM   #19
G6Wa A7bnii G6Wa A7bnii غير متصل
طــالب
افتراضي رد: المهم للفاينل.....






وبنبه على شغله ,,


انه موبس هذي الاسئله اللي قالت عنها ,,

تقريبا كل شي تكلمت عنه بس هذا اللي قدرت اكتبه معاها لاني حضرت متاخر ..





G6Wa A7bnii غير متصل  
قديم 07-06-2009, 07:14 PM   #20
دافورة..ولكن دافورة..ولكن غير متصل
طالب جديد
 
الصورة الرمزية دافورة..ولكن

 










افتراضي رد: تعالوا ندرس للفاينل ..


هل التشابتر الأول من الكتاب الثاني HUMAN NATURE

يعتبر من ضمن البارت الأول ولا البارت الثاني من المادة؟؟

لأني مأجلة اختبار الفاينل للبارت الثاني من 4 سنوات واتذكر درسنا التشابتر هذا من ضمن البارت الأول

ياريت أحد يفيدني
دافورة..ولكن غير متصل  
قديم 07-06-2009, 11:09 PM   #21
مي البرغوثي مي البرغوثي غير متصل
طــالب

 











افتراضي رد: تعالوا ندرس للفاينل ..


لا من ضم البارت التاني وامتحنا فيه نصفي
مي البرغوثي غير متصل  
قديم 08-06-2009, 06:57 PM   #22
G6Wa A7bnii G6Wa A7bnii غير متصل
طــالب
افتراضي رد: المهم للفاينل.....





ياجماعه خرعتوني ,, حسيت الامتحان اليووم ,,


انزين بليز اللي عنده اجابات للأسئله يحطها لنا ,,


ونكون شاكرين ^^



G6Wa A7bnii غير متصل  
قديم 08-06-2009, 08:00 PM   #23
G6Wa A7bnii G6Wa A7bnii غير متصل
طــالب
افتراضي رد: المهم للفاينل.....






سؤال الحين شركة Mnsanto اللي حاطين اعلاناتها بصفحة 18 و19

بكتاب ordering lives القصد منهاا ناخذها كمثال على نصب الشركات

عن persuation وشلون يقنعون العالم ؟ ولاغلط ؟


وبليز احد يبطل هالملف وينسخه اهني لان ماقدرت ابطله
يقولي الويندوز عندج موصاحي

followyourstar.zxq.net/growing/DD121-block3generalnotes.doc

سووله رفرش عشان يطلع مربع التحميل ,,

سلام ^^






G6Wa A7bnii غير متصل  
قديم 08-06-2009, 10:46 PM   #24
Q8_Ocean Q8_Ocean غير متصل
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الصورة الرمزية Q8_Ocean

 










رد: المهم للفاينل.....


هذا الملف .......بس حق شنوووووو @@ ؟؟؟؟؟

BLOCK THREE

ONE – POWER, ITS INSTITUTIONAL GUISES AND DISGUISES

Key Tasks;
Develop a sense of the forms power can take
Understand a range of ways in which power can operate
Recognise the need for a theory of power
Understand Weber and Fauault's ideas
Be aware of how power operates in institutions
Understand the tension between these two theories of power
Practice revision skills by writing summaries

Institutions are always being ordered, rather than fixed
Institutional power can be the power of the family etc
When you act in ways you wouldn't otherwise have acted because of influence, then that's power
The influence can be direct as well as anonymous
CCTV
Scrutiny
Possible reproach
Advertising
Fashion
Healthy lifestyle
Direct and indirect

FOOD FOR THOUGHT

Ecowarriers
Frankenstein foods
Don't know if it's in because of lax regulations
Superweeds
?GM an extension of breeding techniques
?Experts
Non-aligned
Government
NGO
Charities
Associations etc

POWER AT WORK

Coercion = force or implied force
Manipulation = concealment linked to gain an advantage

How used power?
Did GM companies get people to eat what they otherwise wouldn't have done.

IF COERCION ISN'T THE ANSWER

Persuasion = presenting the case for an action while accepting the possibility of refusal
Authority = something claimed and if accepted, people will willingly comply.
In authority
an authority
(less trust nowadays (Giddens))

IS IT DOMINATION

Domination = to impose despite possible resistance
eg. sterile seeds
Forcing supply through government approval and world trading rules

POWER AND INSTITUTIONAL LIFE

Weber and Foucault

Weber
Either you have power or you don't
In an institution, it's hierarchical
Authority is not automatic but has to be obtained
So, power is wielded intentionally

FOUCAULT
Human agency cannot be located
Power works its was into our imagination and constrains our actions
Power not top down but circulates
Compliance not straight forward, but depends on how much individuals internalise what is being offered as self-evident.
They then bring themselves in line

AUTHORITY FROM ABOVE

Beurocratic power – institutional, role-based hierarchy.

THE POWERS OF BUREAUCRACY

Duty. The impersonal official (weber)
Separation of person from position of power
Individual agents exercise power within the possibilities generated within the structure
Cog in a machine
Easy to locate responsibility
Authority is delegated, not power
So opposite to micromanagement
Hard to enforce rules on a variety of human experience
Authority can be lost
Bureaucrat is in authority, not an authority; no specialised knowledge
But sometimes there's lower-level interpretation of rules
Barry Barnes, delegates empowered for individual use of power.
Eng. Welfare state
Orders down through trusts, charities, government agencies all interpreting the rules – wide dispersion and more agency.
Organised domination = the way Weber says power works. Power is dispersed through delegation, with attendant risk.

OR GOVERNING THE SELF

Faucault says anonymous force, provoking free agents so it's hard for them to do otherwise.
Power is positive
Provocation = to incite/induce a certain course of action
Behaviors called forth by institutional ways of doing things without a centre.
Indirect techniques of self-regulation eg. CCTV
Domination is the end result of institutional power, for both Weber and Foucault, but for Weber it's organised, rule-bound practices, for Faucault it's indirect techniques and received truths.

THE POWER OF THEORY

Theorising = thinking about concepts.
Depends on questions asked as to the theory you will come up with.
Questions (about concepts):
Who
How
Where
When
Why
Lines of reasoning
Theoretical claims

Weber, top, down, in.
Faucault, voluntary internalisation

CONCLUSION – ORDERED LIVES

It's ordering, not order.

CLAIMS AND THEORIES – PERSUASION AND DOMINATION

GM Food
Weber: will dominate supply
Faucault: will persuade people

To Test Theory
Find question
Claim
Find evidence to test model

Foucault
We govern ourselves
To please others
For long-term interests
Acceptance of responsibilities of role **MOVE THIS**


REVISING

Ask question, eg. structure and agency, weber and Faucault
Who, why, where – CONCEPTS
Make grid
Active reading
The questions.

eg:

GM ExampleExplanationDominationWhen. Where.WhyConcept. Concept. Concept.

TWO – THE FAMILY

Family = social institution that orders

Key Tasks

Understand which changes have been brought about by diversity and uncertainty
Think how ordering occours in families
Use Weber and Foucault??? theories to understand the family
Look at how feminism and conservatism argue for particular ways of ordering
Be aware how social values shape political ideologies
Develop your technique for ******ing for ideas and then summerising for revision purposes

From Tradition to Diversity

Political ideologies are a cluster of ideologies that define societies, and suggest alternatives; they can be linked to movements
Nuclear family is two opposite sex parents and dependent children
Photo evidence
Social context which produced it and in which it is consumed is a horizontal analysis
Informational ******* is a vertical analysis
Roles: social expectations and pre******ions which go with different occupations and social positions

Contemporary Trends in Family Life

Social Trends is published yearly by the government
Families are more diverse, because of divorce and female employment

Family Rows – The Ideological Debate

Ideology = world view shaped by place in social order

Conservative Arguments
= to conserve what exists
18C reaction to French revolutionaries
Conflicting internal differences need strong regulation

Feminist Arguments
Some families are a source of oppression
Marxist, family subjication is a form of economic oppression
Liberal = law
Public patriarchy = low wages and status
Family = social construction
80's = critique of feminism by black women, highlighted diversity
In '90's, focus on fatherhood
Possibly conservative way of looking at things that will undermine feminism

Theorizing Power and Order in Families
Weber
Men have power
Top down
Backed by law
Foucault
Power is self-restraint
Male domination is internalised at 'natural'
Power circulates, so new arrangements are possible
Police, social workers etc. have power over 'normal' and 'deviant' families
So it's top-down verses circulatory

From 'The Family' to 'Families': Diversity and Uncertainty and New Divisions

Conclusions
It's all undergoing reordering


Social values are always present when putting together theories, they link into the circuit of knowledge.

Family Values: Political Ideologies and the Circuit of Knowledge
So when read journalism, can look at underlying questions and analyise the assumptions and selection of evidence.
Can't be understood removed from ideology

A theory can be generalized eg. Weber to understand the family. EgEg:

FeminismTheoryMarxismIdeologyLiberalSocial movementRadical
Power in Families- Webers Theory of Patriarchal Power
? Feminism arose from looking at family in Weberian way

Use key skills as revision plan. Make a few sentences about each task

THREE – WORK – From Certainty to Flexibility

Key Tasks:
Understand 'full employment' and how it arose from Keynesian thinking
Understand the more flexible work theories of Hayek
Develop an awareness of how labour markets contribute towards ordering lives
Develop an understanding of how power works through labour markets
Use themes of Marx, Weber and Foucault in relation to power in the labour market
Examine liberalism and social democracy
Develop skills in outlining essay plans in examinations

Too Busy to Earn a Living
Because
White collar trying to get ahead of the pack
Overtime to make ends meet
Moonlighting

A Job for Life: Full Employment and Social Democracy

What policies were in effect while it was this way?

Keynes and Social Democracy
19C Laissez Faire = Keynes was against
Social democratic tradition
Developed out of socialism
Rejected revolution
?Believes in ownership of means of production
Wealth distribution

Keynesian Demand Management
Aggregate demand difficulty = bosses not believing that there will be a demand for a product
Contrasts existing view that unemployment was caused by workers not taking a wage cut as jobs were subject to supply and demand just like products
Keynes looked more at macroeconomics
Like a circuit: goods, wage, consuming etc.
So most economists wanted wage cuts, but not Keynes as it would reduce demands.
Demand management
Gov. spending
Exports etc.
Caused expectations of a job for life

Power in the Social Democratic State

The economy is like a big machine and needs to be regulated with and tinkered with, so quite Weberian in that way
Marxism says demand management continued capitalist accumulation

I'm Alright Jack – A Post****** to the Golden Age
Winners were white males, not women or colonial workers
High wages hurt exports
Nationalised industries less productive
Came to an end in 1976

Summery
Golden age associated with Keynesian demand management
Thought unemployment was caused by volatility of the capitalist system
The resulting benefits weren't equally shared

Flexible Work in the UK Today
70, social democratic consensus based partly on Keynes ideas collapsed

Flexible Wages
In a free market, wages head towards equilibrium
But collective bargaining
Effects: inefficient workers can't find work. Inefficient producers priced out of market.
There is more info. available about how much skills are valued, so people can ask to be paid more.
Wage dispersion = how much actual wages deviate from average wages.
Increased recently as skills are more needed than unskilled.

Job Security
More so for females

WHY?
Weber
Top down policies, eg. laws to limit unions
Foucauldian
People see conditions and adapt
Marxists
Increased competition between workers weakens them

Summery
Employers have the power to extract greater effort from workers
Flexible work transfers power from worker to manager and ultimately to shareholder
Some feminisation

Liberalism and the Case for the Flexible Labour Market
Policies of the 80s & 90s
Individuals hold destinies in their own hands
Flexible labour market removes the obstacles to advancement
Eg. No national wage agreements mean labour goes where needed as wages will be higher there.

Liberal Neutrality
Markets, including the labour market, allocate resources efficiently
Spontaneous social order
Reciprocal benefits
Need to internalise the norms of the flexible labour market
Liberalism is very wide-ranging and diverse
Core liberal concern is protection of the individual from coercion from groups and a private space where can do as please.
Rights to various freedoms, like sexual and religious
Limited state, that also values diversity
No expected consensus
Individual rights
Parallels to capitalism
No consensus as to what to produce, so left alone and the market decides

Liberalism and the Reconstructing of the UK Labour Market
Frederich Hayek, main proponent of the free market.
Prices communicate info about what is wanted
Goods as well as labour
Unions cause inflation by wage increases and keep labour from where it is needed
It's all about information, eg. wage prices show what and where wanted but unions stop the communication

Social order occours because no one is self-sufficient, and a hierarchy naturally evolves by giving different kinds of work different status
This is all achieved without coercion
Though a Marxist would say the owners have the capital

The Flexible Market – Power and Ordering
So liberalism is based on individual's choices so it's Faucauldian
But Weber says that they are internalising norms of the flexible labour market, rather than making choices
Really, the power is top down as the employer can relocate if necessary
Marxism says also that it's not choice as the worker doesn't have the means of production

Summery
Economic Liberal Case for Flexible Markets
Values of individual autonomy
Liberal neutrality
Spontaneous social order from markets
Less union power means more top down power from uneven resource allocation

Flexible work results from more diverse demand from consumers

If the information is like a story, you can do it as a timeline, then think, who was powerful in each period, which theory etc.

Capital flexibility puts down wages

Liberalism Verses Social Democracy
Look for social values in statements
eg. Is flexible employment beneficial?
Who benefits?
According to which social values?
Get evidence
Eg. there's more part time work
Implications
Questions
Benefits of flexible
How explained by the theories
Could be developed to say who does well and who does badly
Sum up with conclusion.
= Outlined essay plan
Yes
Argument thread
Essay structure
Key element pointers
No
Full argument
Details


WELFARE: FROM SECURITY TO RESPONSIBILITY

2 periods: a 'golden age' post ww2, and a restructuring period in the 80's & 09's
-[It] gives the opportunity to structure lives

Key Tasks
Understand the circumstances that led to the social democratic welfare state, and the transformations which lead to its restructuring
Look at how the welfale state orders lives
And how that ordering process is power
How Weber and Foucault consider this ordering
Examing how social democratic theory shaped the post war democratic state and how liberalism lead to its restructuring
Critiques of the welfate state by Marxists and feminists
Plan and practice exam answers

The welfate state is also pensions, education etc.

The Golden Age and the Social Democratic Welfare State

Between wars means-tested assistence caused class consciousness

From Unrest to War – A New Social Order
Classes lived seperately but were pushed together in ww2
The carrot of con******ion was a fairer society after war. There was mass expectation and then a labour landslide
Beverage report was met with jubilation
To end want
Welfare state based on contributions
Universalism = entitlement to welfare for all
Social citizenship = the right to be included in all key aspects of society as equal participents
All this resulted from social democracy
Institutions the welfare state spawned are sometimes collectively refered to as the social democratic welfare state

Social Values: Institutions and Power in the Social Democratic Welfare state
Collectivisation of risk = pooling the costs of misfortune through social insurance
Social citizenship – equal care, opportunities and political participation

Institutions of Welfare
They remain neutral and independent of the government
Specialist knowledge, like re******, medicine etc.
Objective
Professional expertise
Beurocratic procedures
Beurocracy = predicatble and rational ststem of admin that controls the work of institutions
Recipients are clients that accept help in ordering lives
Does things otherwise woud not have done
GP advise
JSA requirements etc
All types of power are used, dominion, persuasion etc.
Weber
Top down power
Delegation to an authority
Rational and impartial beurocracy
Faucault
People focus on certain thoughts and ideas
Becomes language
Becomes social norm

Summery
Social democracy key principles
Equality of opportunity
Social justice
Social citizenship

Pollitical ideologies – Values, Institutions and Power

Social democracy says that the welfare state orders lives fairly for the benefit of all.
Other theories critisise:
Marxism
Emphasises structures
Workers can only sell labour but don't get full profit as owners subtract, even though labour was the only addition to raw material.
Welfare state is a concession of the ruling class to stem social unrest
Social values
Freedom from exploitation for labour
Social equality
Institutions and structure
Welfare state dilutes dissent
Produces stronger workers for exploitation
Power and ordering lives
Ruling class pay tax so that they can continue to exploit
Welfare state institutions deal with and quell complaints of the system
Feminism
Social Values
Unpaid caring work is part of the true welfare state
Welfare state helps nuclear family but doesn't value diversity
Institutions and Structures
Family is the biggest source of oppression
Welfare state sees women as part of the family
Bread-winner role enshrined
Women are wives and mothers
Reinforced by schools, gp's etc.
Less relevant nowadays
... or just a more modern form of oppression?
Power and Ordering Lives
Collective understanding of people in authority reinforces exploitation, eg. women better carers than men
Liberalism
Social values
Must be pursuiit of gain
Help self when need it
Liberalism focuses on the individual, social democracy on society
Minimal interference
Responsible for own welfare
Institutions and structure
Welfare state undermines the market
High tax is a disincentive to enterprise
NHS wastes money without the invisible hand
Tax redistributes wealth from the efficient to the idle
Should only have a minimal net for people who can't survive in the market
Power and Ordering Lives
Interdependency holds society together
Success in the market gives power, not priveledge giving power

Social Exclusion and the Welfare State
?Not universal provision
Who can get welfare brings identity into play, eg. many immigrants in the nhs but low paid.
Racist provision
Social settlement = Concepts of social relations which the welfare state is built on, based on assumptions about family, nation and work
Assumed connections are white, gendered roles etc.

Resturcturing the Welfare State
The second transformation
New right
Unemployment
Globalisation etc.
Culture of dependency

Reconsructed Institutions, Reordered Lives?
Trust hospitals
Grant maintained schools etc
All responsible for selves
Users and managers of institutions empowered

Efficiency, Economy and Effectiveness; Rolling Back the Social Democratic State?
It all costs more, more in all ways under Thatcher, and more in real terms under Labour
Contradiction, liberalism but it cost more

Changing Cultures and Power Relations in the Restructured Welfare System
?Lost faith in experts to order lives?
Consumer culture in welfare provision
Welfare manager replacesbeurocrat and professinal
Not called public servents now
Old beurocrat was accountable to the top
New managers accountable to staff and clients
Managerialsim
Only get objectives
Decentralised
More agency

From Citizens and Clients to Consumers
Could say that that it was Weberian in the golden age and Faucauldian in the reform. You could also say that change on the face of it, the structures are the same as there are winners and losers, as Marxists and Feminists would say.

New Welfare – Diversity and Inequality
Old poverty is things that affect us all. New Poverty is marginalisation
Most vulnerable to poverty:
Women
Caring
Lone parents
More women pensioners
Rural households
16 and 17 year olds, no benefits
18-25 year olds, less benefits
Minorities
Less so Indian, Chinese and AsianAfricans
Families with children
Pensioners
Refugees
Not allowed work
Low paid work
Marxists would say rulers are better off and poor worse off
No collective risk management (directly) now
Insurance is emphasised
Privatised prudentialism = calculate risk and insure yourself

Ordering Lives and Welfare in the 21st Century
Social democracy, liberalism and then a third way
3rd way
Balancing of the two previously
Rights and responsibilities
Two faces
Good
1998 Human Rights Act
2001 Race Relations Act Amendment, applies to police now!
Bad
1999 Immigration and Asylum Act, no choice dispearsal policy
2007 Nationality and Immigration Act
Citizenship test
Must declare self at border
3rd way balancing, similarity with way social democracy said it balanced socialism and capitalism

Social ValuesCritique of InstitutionsCritisisms of Power and Ordering LivesSocial DemocracyEqual Opportunity
Social Justice
Social Citizenship
Welfare rightsNeutral state
Universalism
Collectivisation of risk
Arbitrate conflicting interestsInstututions of state
Beaurocratic power
Professional expertise
Structures of power
Rational authority
Visible powerMarxismSocial equality
Freedom from exploitation
CooperationWelfare dispels dissent
Instututions of welfare legitimise inequlities and reproduce the workforceStructures of power
Capitalist state acts in the interests of the ruling class
Professionals and experts are agents of capitalFeminismGender equality
Social justice
Citizenship rights
Recognition of diversity
Value of carersWelfare state legitimises female subordination and dependency.
Families are the key site of female oppressionStructures of power
Welfare state acts in the interests of patriarchy
Experts normalise male dominanceLiberalismFreesom of the individual
Tolerence of diversity
Property rights
Reward of enterprise
Personal responsibilityMonopoly state provision
High taxation and expenditure
Lack of consumer choice
Inneficient public serviesWeakens individual agency
jOverregulates indivudual activity
Limits self-determinism
Cmpromises the powerof markets and competition
Imposes particular kinds of order
Theorising Order in Welfare Institutions
Writing Practice Answers: Weber and Social Democracy – Theory and Political Ideology (Again)
Extract
Process
Represent
Eg. 150 words on: The state is seen as holding the balance of power between competing interests, social classes for example, on th basis of it's own rationality.
Extracting
Concepts
State
Balance of power
Conflicting interests
Social class
Rationality
Make notes on each of these concepts
Connect up and make essay
Technique: read/actively ****** for relevant material

Political Ideologies, Social Science Methods and Social Values
Construct a question
Eg. How can social science help steer social democracy to end child poverty?
Get question
Lone working parents don't have poor children
Then decide the evidence you would need to back this up
OR
Question: Is child poverty widespread?
Claim: Significant proportion live in poverty
Evidence: Find data or parent's incomes from Government offices

Check what underlies reasoning
Eg. if liberal, might have questioned if there was that much poverty at all, a feminist might have asked about how much access to finance females had
Social values direct questions
Be aware of that

Marxism, Theory and Ideology
Theories explain how the world is now
Ideologies are linked to them, but explain how the world could be
The former can exist independently
as can the latter, though it's weakened
Eg. Inequality
Theory: Capitalists have power over workers
Ideology: Create social equality
Welfare
Theory: welfare dilutes dissent
Ideology: overthrow the state

Social values decide the kinds of questions you ask and the kinds of evidence you look for

Reworking Grids and Lists: Comparing Political Ideologies **put this by the grid**
Intro or essay plan
eg look at the previous grid, and find a significant difference and write prose about it
Difference
How arises
Example
Next contrast
Do same
Use this grid type work to answer imaginary questions, as practice
Eg. liberalism and social democracy on structures and institutions
or, Marxism and Liberalism on social values

Client Citizens and Consumers: Changing Power
As practice, compare old conception of welfare users as client citizens with the changed conception of them as welfare consumers using the theories of Weber and Faucault to interpret this.
This is hard, basic answers are OK
Note the main distinction between them
Jot down one of two phrases about each difference

Theories and the Circuit of Knowledge
If we can show how social values influenced/interacted with the circuit of knowledge in TMA04 then you'll get extra marks.

Revision Skills and Assessing Block Three
Active revision
****** for relevant material
Assemble a storyline
Summerise the argument
Marshall evidence
Write practice answers
Actively ****** for relevant materials
Rework lists/grids into an essay

Look over the block
Focus on themes, concepts and theories
Find connections with core themes
Begin to think about the circuit of knowledge
Develop techniques for answering the TMA04 booklet

** Assignment booklet here **

General Tips to Complete TMA04
Make it as much like an exam as possible
Avoid notes or reminders
Time
Answer the question
Underline key words
Be clear what you looking for
Don't translate the question to what you want
Don't just write all you know
Only include the relevant
Make a plan
Scribble
Terms
Concepts
Theories
Facts
No time for outline, but at least get headings for structure
Pause for thought
Fifteen minute intervals
Reread questions
Check on track
Look at plan, check on track
Look at clock
Help assessor to see point
Pretend at same level as you
At beginning, say what will do
Signpost
Explain important concepts
Be prepared to state the obvious
Write a conclusion which is tightly focused on the question

Themes
Weber
Agents exercise power
Which constrains their position???
Foucault
Power works on and through agents
Anonymous forces like ideas and expectations work on agents
Structures disperse power and gives top down control
Agents themselves are part of the exercise of power
Structure
Weber
Structures determine the power of agents
Structures disperse power ad gives top down control
Individual agents heavily constricted by structures
Foucault
Structure constrains by closing down other possibilities
Structures produced through the negotiation of power
Complex and changing networks as much as fixed structures share power

Weber
Who holds power
Where is the power
Foucault
How does power work
Where power circulates

LINK WWWWW TO CONCEPTS

Timeline
Period..................Period.................... Period
Bullet...................Bullet................... ..Bullet
Bullet...................Bullet................... ..Bullet

التعديل الأخير تم بواسطة Q8_Ocean ; 08-06-2009 الساعة 10:51 PM
Q8_Ocean غير متصل  
قديم 08-06-2009, 10:59 PM   #25
G6Wa A7bnii G6Wa A7bnii غير متصل
طــالب
افتراضي رد: المهم للفاينل.....





مشكوره حبيبتي ماقصرتي ,,

الملف عن الـ power
بس شكله مامنه فايده حيييل مختصر ,,

وهم يسلموو قلبي ^^


G6Wa A7bnii غير متصل  
قديم 08-06-2009, 11:01 PM   #26
Dark Cloud Dark Cloud غير متصل
طالب نشيط
 
الصورة الرمزية Dark Cloud

 











افتراضي رد: المهم للفاينل.....


السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

مشكورين وجزاكم الله خير

بس حبيت اسأل .. أحد عنده نماذج فاينل للسنوات الماضيه ؟
لان مالقيت الا حق 2003 .. قدييييم مرره ..

التعديل الأخير تم بواسطة Dark Cloud ; 08-06-2009 الساعة 11:03 PM
Dark Cloud غير متصل  
قديم 08-06-2009, 11:06 PM   #27
Dark Cloud Dark Cloud غير متصل
طالب نشيط
 
الصورة الرمزية Dark Cloud

 











افتراضي رد: تعالوا ندرس للفاينل ..


غريبه مي .. حنا ما امتحنا شابتر 1 في الميد ترم ..
على اساس انه مع بارت ون ..

بس الشكوى لله .. بما ان الفاينل موحد مع كل الفروع ..
فالمفروض نرجع له ..

+

جزاكم الله خير الجزاء على النقاط المهمه اللي اشرتوا إليها ..
وفقنا الله وإياكم ..

التعديل الأخير تم بواسطة Dark Cloud ; 08-06-2009 الساعة 11:07 PM
Dark Cloud غير متصل  
قديم 08-06-2009, 11:25 PM   #28
G6Wa A7bnii G6Wa A7bnii غير متصل
طــالب
افتراضي رد: تعالوا ندرس للفاينل ..



Invisible hand

the invisible hand is a phrase was introduced by Adam smith
where individuals who intended only to prosome their own inners

where led by invisible hand to promote the public welfare ,
which was no part of their intention ,

he talked about the economic market about the market
and which people are buy and sell
and he was pointing out that in order to a butcher
or a baker or a candel stick maker to make an income
he had to produce something that somebody wanted to buy
and therfore in the process of promoting his own inners
and looking for profits , he ended up serving the inner servives costumers




G6Wa A7bnii غير متصل  
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